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Knowledge Makes Change Newsletter – December 2016

Knowledge Makes Change seminar series 2017

NOW BOOKING:      Wednesday 8 February 2017           6.30 – 8.30 pm

Venue:                        St Pauls Centre, St Pauls Gate, Dumaresq Street, JE2 3RL

Naomi Eisenstadt CB is the keynote speaker at the first in a series of Knowledge Makes Change seminars in Jersey. She will share her knowledge and experience of research and practice which strives to improve outcomes for young children and reduce inequalities. There will be time for discussion and networking

This is a free event open to everyone engaged with young children and their families. Places will be allocated on a first come first served basis.  To sign up to this free event, please click on the Eventbrite link.

The Knowledge Makes Change seminar series aims to inspire and be informative on ‘what works’ for young children and their families to ensure the best possible outcomes. Knowledge Makes Change is provided as part of the Early Childhood Development Programme.


Research and practice from the UK and international contexts



NCB Making it REAL Year 3 Evaluation Report

This evaluation of the third year of the NCB Making it REAL early literacy programme shows how it has made a difference to children’s literacy and improved the confidence of parents to support their child’s development in reading and writing. The evaluation found that there were marked increases in the frequency with which children read, engaged with environmental print, did their own mark making and sang songs and rhymes.

The programme is based on the Raising Early Achievement in Literacy (REAL) approach and worked with 530 children across 79 early years settings, including primary school nursery and reception classes, pre-schools, playgroups, children’s centres and nursery schools. The REAL approach is based on the work of Cathy Nutbrown and Peter Hannon of the University of Sheffield, and recognises that parents are children’s first and most enduring educators. Practitioners work with parents to support their children’s literacy development in four key strands: environmental print, books, early writing and oral language.  To download the report please click on the title link.

Published 28 November 2016.



Family Matters: the role of parents in children’s educational attainment

This paper was produced by the Social Market Foundation’s cross-party Commission on Inequality in Education. The paper asks how important parental engagement in education is; how to identify its impact separate from that of family income or parents’ qualifications; and considers how to best overcome social inequalities in parental engagement.

The Millennium Cohort study follows the lives of around 19,000 children born in the UK in 2000-01. This paper uses analysis of Millennium Cohort Study data, using a standard verbal reasoning test as an indicator of attainment at age 11.  Researchers also looked at indicators of engagement at age 5, when the child had just started school. After controlling for income, parental education and parental age the researchers found that:

  • If a parent does not read to their child at age 5, this has a strong and negative effect on their age 11 test scores;
  • Children who never read for enjoyment have lower test scores at age 11 and also make poorer progress between ages 5 and 11;
  • The more frequently a child reads, the better their age 11 test score.

The researchers suggest that instituting a habit of reading at an early age continues to drive better outcomes in education for several years; and underlines the importance of parents in helping to do that. For more information please click on the above link.

Published 10 November 2016.


Talking about poverty: how experts and the public understand UK poverty

This research by the FrameWorks Institute (funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation) compares how experts, including people with experience of poverty, and the public understand UK poverty. The idea of poverty and the meaning of the term in the UK is subject to debate, and those working to tackle poverty are finding it difficult to shift negative public attitudes and cultivate broad public support for policies to solve it.  The research analyses the overlaps and gaps between these ways of thinking to identify challenges in communicating about poverty and strategies for building support.

Published 18 November 2016


Health and Wellbeing


World Breastfeeding Trends UK report 2016

The World Breastfeeding Trends UK Report 2016 is now available. The World Breastfeeding Trends Initiative (WBTi) brings together the main agencies and organisations involved in aspects of infant feeding in a particular country to work together to collect information, identify gaps and generate recommendations for action.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF recommendations for infant feeding are:

  • Early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth;
  • Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life;
  • The introduction of nutritionally-adequate and safe complementary (solid) foods at 6 months together with continued breastfeeding up to two years of age or beyond.

Key findings from the World Breastfeeding Trends ‘report card’ for the UK include:

  • Early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth: 60%             UK score: 9/10
  • Mean percentage of exclusive breastfeeding for first 6 months: 17% UK score: 6/10
  • Median duration of breastfeeding: 3 months UK score: 3/10
  • Percentage of babies of 0–12 months fed with bottle: 88% UK score: 3/10
  • Percentage of babies receiving solids by 8 months: 98% UK score: 10/10

Published November 2016, this is the first WBTi assessment for the UK; the process is repeated every 3–5 years in order to track trends. Some resources available to support breastfeeding are in the following section.


Breastfeeding resources

The following key resources are available online to support breastfeeding:

Midwives and health visitors can provide details of local breastfeeding support available at baby cafes.  For more information about services for babies and their parents please see the Jersey webpage ‘You and your new baby’.

Factors predicting childhood obesity: research from the Millennium Cohort Study

New research led by University College London (UCL) has looked at the patterns of body mass index (BMI) weight development in the first 10 years of a child’s life and examined the lifestyle factors that appear to predict weight gain.

The research is based on the Millennium Cohort Study, which follows the lives of around 19,000 children born in the UK in 2000-01.  Data on weight and height was collected when the children were 3, 5, 7 and 11.  Four patterns were identified: a group of children with average stable non-overweight BMI, a group with decreasing BMI, a group with ‘moderately increasing’ BMI and a group with ‘high increasing’ BMI.

Factors predicting children having either ‘moderately increasing’ BMI or ‘high increasing’ BMI included:

  • Mothers having an overweight or obese BMI;
  • Mothers smoking in pregnancy;
  • Children having irregular bedtimes and not getting enough sleep;
  • Children skipping breakfast.

The research highlights the possibility that prompt intervention could have an impact on childhood obesity. For more information please click on the title link for a UCL webpage about the research.

Published 10 November 2016


Thank you for reading.

Early Childhood Development Programme

The National Children’s Bureau is leading the Early Childhood Development (ECD) Programme in Jersey in partnership with States of Jersey, the Jersey Child Care Trust, and the Early Years & Childhood Partnership.  The ECD programme is working to improve outcomes for young children and their families, and will initially focus on actions to address the following:

  • Babies born with a low birthweight
  • Breastfeeding rates
  • Obesity in young children

KMC is part of the Early Childhood Development Programme.  The programme is led by the National Children’s Bureau (NCB) in partnership with the States of Jersey and Jersey Child Care Trust, informed by the Education Department, Health and Social Services, the Early Years and Childhood Partnership and the Jersey Safeguarding Partnership Board. The programme is funded by UBS Optimus Foundation UK.

KMC newsletters are compiled and edited by NCB on behalf of local partners. If you have any questions or comments about KMC, please contact